A Survey of Attitudes and Factors Associated with Successful CPR Knowledge Transfer in an Older Population Most Likely to Witness Cardiac Arrest


Principal Investigator: Vaillancourt, Christian (Ottawa Hospital Research Institute).

Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality in Canada, and the overall survival rate is low. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to increase survival in cardiac arrest victims. The overall goal of this study is to conduct a survey in independent-living seniors (55 years of age or older) to better understand the behavioural factors associated with successful CPR knowledge transfer. This particular population has been identified in previous research as one that is most likely to witness a cardiac arrest event, yet the bystander CPR rates are low, as is interest in undertaking CPR training.
The study will proceed in three phases. In the first phase, approximately 20 semi-structured interviews will be conducted with willing seniors to determine attitudes and opinions towards taking CPR training and performing CPR. The results will be analyzed to identify categories and themes. These categories and themes will then be used and combined with the results of a systematic review in the second phase of the project to develop a survey instrument using the theoretical constructs of the theory of planned behaviour. In the third phase of the project, the survey will be administered to a sample of Canadian individuals meeting the selection criteria. The results of the survey will be a source of insight into factors influencing the interest in CPR training and performance among the group of individuals most likely to witness cardiac arrest.
Relevance to the objectives of Resuscitation and Knowledge Transfer initiative:
Cardiac arrest is the number one cause of death in Canada. It can strike people suddenly. Victims are often otherwise healthy and active members of society. CPR gives cardiac arrest victims 3 to 4 times more chances to survive. Not only can we prevent premature death, we can help survivors so that they can enjoy a good quality of life.
Not enough people have the knowledge to give CPR in Canada. We are confident our survey results will inform the 2010 international resuscitation guidelines as well as strategies to promote bystander CPR to the population.